Out-of-field: visual essay in Lisbon

What we see on the screen is, first of all, the result of a cropping of the visible made by the camera. The limits of the image are defined by the camera window. What is contained within these limits and the act that delimited them is the frame. The frame isolates a set of elements, but at the same time it is open, since this cut defines this place where anything can appear (Michel Chion) – which refers to the constitutive dimension of the frame in its relation to an out-of-field. Framing implies a determination of out-of-field – it determines what is outside the image. The out-of-field interferes with the framed field and what is happening in it. In a simple definition, the out-of-field is a larger set, homogeneous to that of the screen, which extends the frame. But the out-of-field is not confined only to these limits: it can be absolute, referring to a beyond the contiguous space and time of the framed field.


Chion, M. (2011/2008). A Audiovisão. Som e imagem no cinema. Edições Texto & Grafia. Trad. de Pedro Elói Duarte.

Edmundo Cordeiro, publicado a 05-05-2022


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